Quick Answer: How Were The Oregon And Santa Fe Trails Different?

What was the major difference between the Oregon Trail and the Santa Fe Trail?

What was the biggest difference between the Santa Fe trail and the Oregon-California trail? The Santa Fe trail was used for trade and the Oregon-California trail was used for transporting people.

How did the Santa Fe Trail differ in purpose from the Oregon and Mormon Trails?

How did the Santa Fe Trail differ in purpose from the Oregon and Mormon trails? The Oregon trail was used mostly by people who were going to settle in Oregon. The Santa Fe trail was used mostly as a trade route. It was more commercial.

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What did the Santa Fe and Oregon trails do?

The Santa Fe Trail was mainly a trade route but saw its share of emigrants, especially during the California Gold Rush and the Pike’s Peak Gold Rush in Colorado. The trail also became an important route for stagecoach travel, stagecoach mail delivery and as a mail route for the famed Pony Express.

What was a challenge people faced on the Oregon Trail and the Santa Fe Trail?

Once they embarked, settlers faced numerous challenges: oxen dying of thirst, overloaded wagons, and dysentery, among others. Trails were poorly marked and hard to follow, and travelers often lost their way. Guidebooks attempted to advise travelers, but they were often unreliable.

Why did Mormons go on the Oregon Trail?

The Mormon pioneer run began in 1846, when Young and his followers were driven from Nauvoo. After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. Along their way, some were assigned to establish settlements and to plant and harvest crops for later emigrants.

What ended the need for the Oregon Trail?

Oregon City was the end of the trail for many because it was where land claims were granted for Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Wyoming.

What were the dangers of the Santa Fe Trail?

While some travelers made the trip without incident, the unforgiving climate, illness, mechanical failures, starvation, dehydration, and the potential for violent encounters created an array of challenges to prepare for and overcome. While some struck it rich, others lost their fortunes, their health, or their lives.

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What is the Oregon Trail known for?

The Oregon Trail was a roughly 2,000-mile route from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon City, Oregon, which was used by hundreds of thousands of American pioneers in the mid-1800s to emigrate west. The trail was arduous and snaked through Missouri and present-day Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho and finally into Oregon.

Where did the Mormon Trail end?

The Mormon Trail broke south just to the west of the Continental Divide, and it terminated to the southeast of the Great Salt Lake, in what is today Salt Lake City.

How many died on the Santa Fe Trail?

Merchants traveled in caravans, moving wagons in parallel columns so that they might be quickly formed into a circular corral, with livestock inside, in the event of an Indian attack. Josiah Gregg reported that up to 1843 Indians killed but eleven men on the trail.

Can you walk the Santa Fe Trail?

How do I visit or follow the Trail? The Santa Fe National Historic Trail is not a clearly marked nor continuous hiking trail. Instead it is a corridor that passes through communities as well as wild areas and through different states and land ownership. Places To Go will help you discover the many sites you can visit.

Who led the Santa Fe Trail?

Between 1821 and 1880, the Santa Fe Trail was primarily a commercial highway connecting Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico. The route was pioneered by Missouri trader William Becknell, who left Franklin, Missouri in September 1821.

What causes the most deaths on the Oregon Trail?

, being crushed by wagon wheels and injuries from handling domestic animals were the biggest accidental killers on the trail. Wagon accidents were the most common. Both children and adults sometimes fell off or under wagons and were crushed under the wheels.

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What was the most common problem on the Oregon Trail?

Throughout the trail’s existence, numerous accidents were caused by negligence, exhaustion, guns, and animals. Wagon accidents were the most common, with both children and adults sometimes falling off or under wagons and being crushed under the wheels.

What was the biggest problem on the Oregon Trail?

Diseases and serious illnesses caused the deaths of nine out of ten pioneers. Such diseases as cholera, small pox, flu, measles, mumps, tuberculosis could spread quickly through an entire wagon camp. Cholera was the main scourge of the trail.

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